Your password has expired… it’s time for it to go extinct

Your password has expired... it's time for it to go extinct

Your password has expired and must be changed

Your password has expired and must be changed. Password expiration is a dying concept. Forcing a user to change the password is still a standard security policy for many companies. The organization usually requires its employees to change their passwords every now and then. While in the past this policy made sense, now it is only an archaic practice that forces additional, burdensome action that does not increase the level of security of either the employee or the organization.

Where did the password expiration policies come from?

Decades ago, it was estimated that the average computer would take around 90 days to “crack” a hashed password. If the attacker managed to compromise the organization’s website and copy the hashed password list, he was also able to automate the password guessing process. As a consequence, it was assumed that since the average password could then be cracked in 90 days, people should change passwords every 90 days to solve the problem of stolen credentials. Over time, this guideline has become a requirement for many organizations and has been adopted as a common practice in the cybersecurity world.

Password security today

Now let’s move on to the present day. Things have changed radically. It doesn’t matter if your password expires. Moreover, if you take a closer look at it, you can conclude that a forced password reset does much more harm than good and actually increases, not reduce the risk of data loss. The problem is that organizations and security standards have not kept pace with changes and continue to promote antiquated and harmful practices just because “it has always been this way.”

is passwordless really a great choice for authentication
Is passwordless really a great choice for authentication?

Why do passwords have to go away?

  • Archaic risk assessment model:

In the last twenty years, both the technology and the risk assessment model have changed dramatically. First, most of today’s “average” or “bad” passwords can be cracked quickly in the cloud. Passwords that would have taken an average cybercriminal 90 days to crack 20 years ago now take literally seconds.

Moreover, the biggest threat to passwords is no longer breaking them, but simply harvesting. Cybercriminals infect the victim’s computer with keyloggers, collect data via phishing sites, or carry out social engineering attacks over the phone, fake SMS messages, and many other methods that cheat the victim and persuade them to give the password to the attacker on their own.

If the victim’s password is compromised, it will now also be discovered in seconds, not as it used to be in months. And once the criminal has obtained the password, they will not wait for the required “90 days”, but will use it within a few hours. So by the time the victim realizes that they should change the password, the criminal will long ago disappear with the stolen information.

Why is changing my password harmful? Because it lulls the vigilance of employees and security departments and introduces a false sense of increased security. Changing a password just makes us feel more secure while really changing nothing.

  • Cost of unnecessary action

People responsible for cybersecurity in organizations most often look at data security through the prism of risk reduction, often forgetting the cost perspective.

Companies are thus flooded with password maintenance costs. We are talking not only about the time of employees and endless calls to the helpdesk asking for a password reset. The costs are also creating bad habits.

Why do people in organizations write down their passwords on sticky notes and put them wherever they can? Because it is comfortable and natural. Humans aren’t made to remember long and complicated strings of characters. Repetitive, tedious, and boring activities, in which we do not see any sense, simply bore us and it is natural to avoid them. Making your life easier is a natural way. Therefore, security policies, apart from the security itself, should be guided by the least inconvenience for the user, otherwise, a person will do everything in his power to bypass the procedures.

  • Increased risk

We have mentioned before that forcing password change instead of reducing the risk in fact increases it. But why is that? Let’s think about what employees do when they are required to change their password?

When a person is forced to come up with a new password, he or she will most likely change it by adding 1,2 ,! or @ or another symbol that in fact does not change the password, but only extends it by one additional character. Your password policies prohibit such practices and prevent the use of similar or previously used passwords? Okay, the employee will change the password from Monday1 to Tuesday1 or change the daughter’s birthday to the wife’s birthday. We will always make our life easier because it is natural, so no imperative-forcing policies will change it.

We know it, you know it, and the “bad guys” know it as well.

It is worth seeing for yourself by turning to any pentester and asking him the question: “Did password policies ever stop your attack?”

Secfense - the shortest path to the passwordless future
Secfense – the shortest path to the passwordless future

Password has expired

Password policies in the past made sense. Nobody is questioning it. However, the time has come for passwords to disappear for good from good cybersecurity practices. For several years now, there has been talking of a passwordless future. It is true that there are already many services out there that offer an increased level of security while eliminating passwords. Here are some tips on how to step into the so-called zero trust security, a security model where no trust is applied by default and users need to be verified anytime, anywhere.

Passwordless – what instead of passwords?

  • In the first step, enter multi-factor authentication (MFA) or two-factor authentication (2FA) depending on how many authentication steps you need, on the most important applications. Without a doubt, this is one of the easiest and most effective ways to secure any authentication requirement.
  • In the second step, deal with MFA scaling, i.e. introducing strong authentication not on selected, but on all applications in the company. The best approach to do this is to use the user access security broker concept, which allows you to implement any number of MFA methods on any number of applications without interfering with their code. This means that the implementation of strong authentication is non-invasive, scalable, and thus can be deployed globally throughout the organization, regardless of its size.
  • In the third step, check if your organization is ready to go full passwordless. Multi-factor authentication methods can effectively eliminate passwords. Of the many components of authentication, your password doesn’t need to be any of them anymore. They can effectively be replaced with authentication based on the standard FIDO2, biometric authentication, with U2F keys, or also with older TOTP-based methods. The key here is the use of a multitude of ingredients, because each subsequent layer causes the criminal to deal with an organization that will be easier to break through.
Hand holding a U2F universal 2nd factor key with secfense logo on it
the most important information about U2F – the Universal 2nd Factor

Passwords – an illusion of security

Nowadays, changing the password every 90 days gives only the illusion of security, bringing unnecessary complications, costs, and ultimately additional risk for the organization. Fortunately, the situation is slowly changing. Technological giants make it possible to secure user accounts with strong authentication, including U2F keys. More and more governments are forcing public organizations to implement multi-factor authentication methods. The only thing that remains is to educate our friends and relatives and persuade them to use authentication methods that are strong and (except for U2F keys) completely free.

This article was inspired by the original SANS blog post written by Lance Spitzner titled ‘Time for Password Expiration to Die’.

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We are faced with new challenges every day. We must always be one step ahead of the attackers and know what they are going to do before they do it. We are convinced that the User Access Security Broker will bring security to a new level, both for those working at the office and from home. For us, working with Secfense is an opportunity to exchange experience with developers who put great value on out-of-the-box thinking.

Krzysztof Słotwiński

Business Continuity and Computer Security Officer

BNP Paribas Bank Poland

As part of the pre-implementation analysis, we verified that users utilize a wide range of client platforms: desktop computers, laptops, tablets, smartphones, and traditional mobile phones. Each of these devices differs in technological advancement, features, and level of security. Because of this, and also due to the recommendation of the Polish Financial Supervision Authority (UKNF), we decided to introduce additional protection in the form of multi-factor authentication mechanisms based on FIDO. As a result, users of our applications can log in safely, avoiding common cyber threats such as phishing, account takeover, and theft of their own and their clients’ data.

Marcin Bobruk



We are excited to partner with Secfense to enhance our user access security for our web apps. By integrating their User Access Security Broker, we ensure seamless and secure protection for our applications and systems, delivering superior security and convenience to our customers.

Charm Abeywardana

IT & Infrastructure

Visium Networks

Before investing in Secfense, we had the opportunity to talk to its existing clients. Their reactions were unanimous: wow, it’s so easy to use. We were particularly impressed by the fact that implementing their solution does not require the involvement of IT developers. It gives Secfense a huge advantage over the competition, and at the same time opens the door to potential customers who so far were afraid of changes related to the implementation of multi-factor authentication solutions.

Mateusz Bodio

Managing Director


Even when the network and infrastructure are secured enough, social engineering and passwords can be used to gain control of the system by attackers. Multifactor authentication is the current trend. Secfense addresses this and allows you to build zero trust security and upgrade your current systems to passwordless applications within minutes, solving this problem right away,” said Eduard Kučera, Partner at Presto Ventures and cybersecurity expert – former Director in hugely successful Czech multinational cyber security firm Avast.

Eduard Kučera


Presto Ventures

One of the biggest challenges the world is facing today is securing our identity online. That’s why we were so keen to have Secfense in our portfolio. They make it possible to introduce strong authentication in an automated way. Until now, organizations had to selectively protect applications because the deployment of new technology was very hard, or even impossible. With Secfense, the implementation of multi-factor authentication is no longer a problem, and all organizations can use the highest standards of authentication security.

Stanislav Ivanov

Founding Partner

Tera Ventures

Two-factor authentication is known to be one of the best ways to protect against phishing; however, its implementation has always been difficult. Secfense helped us solve that problem. With their security broker, we were able to introduce various 2FA methods on our web applications at once.

Dariusz Pitala

Head of IT